44 Flipped learning is sometimes described as “schoolwork at home and homework at school”. More so, flipped learning allows teachers to experiment with various learning methods in their contacts with students (Flipped learning, 2023). In a more traditional lecturing model, that can also be called teacher-centred model, it is the teacher who shares his/her knowledge. Contrastingly, in the flipped learning model, the knowledge flow begins with students as the sources of information. Students share their knowledge and understanding of the relevant topics in the class or in an online setting. Since they arrive prepared for the sessions beforehand, students are able explore the topics on a much deeper level and create novel learning opportunities. In the end, students share, construct and reflect knowledge in a meaningful way through this approach (Flipped learning, 2023). Flipped learning and the flipped classroom are concepts that are very closely tied to one another. That said, experts in flipped learning do stress the difference between the two concepts. In traditional thinking, the flipped classroom method can be understood as making students or pupils read or watch learning materials at home and do homework at school. However, this is an oversimplification of the method. Since flipping a class will not necessarily reach flipped learning, the two concepts cannot be used interchangeably (AdvanceHE, 2023; Flipped learning, 2023). Flipped learning is an approach that encourages the use of different learnings methods, group work discussions and experiments with different classroom settings. Flexible settings have been found to enhance learning and offers students opportunities to choose their favourite space to learn together. In flipped learning, one focus of learning is to enhance students’ ability to conceptually understand complex ideas. Furthermore, flipped learning emphasises deeper learning and a higher level of cognitive skills that it encourages (AdvanceHE, 2023). To accomplish this, it is necessary that appropriate topics be taught, quality materials be distributed and read, and effective methods be used (Flipped Learning, 2023). Both flipped learning and classroom approaches require students to take ownership for their own learning – they must be prepared for the classroom and/or online contact. Students can have their own schedule when preparing themselves for the contacts provided that they are prepared to share their knowledge and understanding when meeting with their peers. This approach can also be broadened to include family as students can engage or at least involve their family members in the learning process. It is important to let students discuss or sometimes even debate during classes since it enhances the joint understanding and knowledge creation process (Acer for education, 2023).